A spinal subluxation is a situation in which one or more vertebra of the spine is out of alignment with the vertebra above or below it.
A mechanical impediment to nerve function; originally, a vertebral displacement believed to impair nerve function.
“A complex of functional and/or structural and/or pathological articular changes that compromise neural integrity and may influence organ system function and general health.”
Kinesiopathology: spinal pathomechanics, including alignment and motion anomalies.
Neuropathophysiology: due to compressed (pinched) or facilitated (irritated) nerve tissue.
Myopathology: in the form of muscle spasm, weakness, atrophy and scar tissue.
Histopathology: describes the inflammation, edema and swelling of soft tissues in the area.
Pathophysiology: seen as lipping, spurring and degenerative changes resulting from adaptation to changes in postural alignment to gravity.